South to Freedom

Alice L. Baumgartner’s South to Freedom shows that enslaved people who escaped to Mexico before the Civil War contributed to the downfall of slavery in the U.S.

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Review of ‘South to Freedom’

In the conventional understanding of American history, enslaved people fled north to “free” states or to Canada. And many did—between 30,000 and 100,000 people. But others, probably no more than 3,000 or 5,000 people, went south to Mexico. Although a relatively small group, their collective story had strategic and political significance out of proportion to…

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